The capital of Israel, Jerusalem is known as a center of spiritual and religious from the tenth century BC. That is considered as an area of Christian, Jewish and Muslim. It is located 60 km from Tel Aviv, between the Dead Sea and the Mediterranean. It has over 730,000 inhabitants in an area of approximately 126km ². But the most visited the stage of the main sacred events for the faithful, is concentrated in less than 1km ², and surrounded by a wall. It’s called the Old City of Jerusalem. It is divided into four districts named today as Jewish Quarter, Christian, Armenian and Muslim. From here you’ve got an idea why the existence has so much conflict.
But let’s not talk about it. Let’s take a look at the most visited spots of this tourist destination: inside and outside the old city.
A Holiest place for the Jewish people until its destruction in the first century of the Christian era. An area that became constant disputes between Jews and Muslims. Here now is the third most important mosque in Islam.
Wailing Wall or Western Wall
Is also located on the Temple Mount. It is the only part that remains of the Temple of Jerusalem (Herod’s Temple or the Second Temple) built by the Jewish people when they returned to Jerusalem and so became the subject of devotion of the Jews. According to sources from the Bible, previously on the site, there is the Temple of Solomon. Today many Jews pray at the wall and leave their wishes written in the creases of the stones form.
Church of the Holy Sepulchre
In this church is the tomb where it is believed that the body of Jesus was left and where he resurrected. Here you will find an environment somewhat confusing and sometimes unfriendly since the custody of their church is divided between the Christian communities of Jerusalem, Greek Orthodox, the Armenian Orthodox and Roman Catholics.
Dome of the Rock
This golden dome of the Mosque of Omar, and is part of the panorama of the city of Jerusalem, hidden in the basement, according to some historians, sacred stone where they do sacrifice of Abraham, Jacob and other prophets.
Mosque of Al-Aqsa
Via Dolorosa / Way of sorrows
It is a small street of the old city where, according to Christians, Jesus passed this way by carrying the cross. Started in St. Stephen’s Gate and ends at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. In this way, are marked 9 of 14 points where Jesus stopped or some important event occurred during this trajectory. Other points are inside the Basilica.
Cenacle / Upper Room
Valley of Jehoshaphat / God shall judge
It lies on the outskirts of Jerusalem, located between the Temple Mount and the Mount of Olives. There are Catholic cemeteries, Muslims and Jews. The Christian religion says here it will be the “Day of Judgment”.
Yad Vashem Museum
Museum and memorial to the victims of the Holocaust. There is a photograph of Pope Pius XII with the caption says the Pope during World War II has not done enough to condemn the Holocaust. Needless to say that the Vatican denies this statement.
Besides the city of Jerusalem, many also visit the cities of Nazareth, where Jesus was born and raised and Bethlehem, where it is also believed that Jesus was born.